Permaculture gardening

Safe out nature, focusing on diversity, balance, and resource efficiency,

Permaculture is indeed a holistic approach to gardening that emphasizes working with natural systems and maximizing the use of resources in a sustainable way.

By focusing on diversity, balance, and resource efficiency, you can create a more resilient and productive garden that requires minimal inputs such as pesticides.

Experimenting with different techniques and designs in your permaculture garden can help you learn what works best for your specific environment and goals. Remember to observe, assess, and adapt as you go along to create a thriving ecosystem that supports a wide variety of plants and wildlife.

If you have any specific questions or need further guidance on permaculture principles and practices, feel free to ask!

Implementing permaculture principles in a small backyard garden can help you create a sustainable and productive green space. Here is a step-by-step guide to get you started:

  1. Observation and Assessment:
  • Take time to observe your backyard space throughout the day, noting patterns of sunlight, shade, wind, and water flow.
  • Identify existing plants, soil quality, and any existing structures that may affect your garden design.
  • Consider your climate, seasons, and any local wildlife that visit your garden.

2. Design Your Garden Layout:

  • Use the information gathered from your observations to create a design that maximizes space and resources.
  • Consider creating functional zones based on water availability, sunlight exposure, and plant needs.
  • Include elements such as paths, water catchment systems, compost bins, and seating areas in your design.

3. Build Healthy Soil:

  • Focus on building and maintaining healthy soil by adding organic matter like compost, mulch, and cover crops.
  • Practice no-dig gardening to preserve soil structure and encourage beneficial soil organisms.
  • Avoid chemical fertilizers and pesticides that can harm soil health and disrupt ecological balance.

4. Plant Diversity:

  • Choose a variety of plants that support each other through companion planting, polycultures, and guilds.
  • Include native plants that are well-adapted to your region and attract beneficial insects and wildlife.
  • Plant perennial crops that provide long-term benefits and require less maintenance.

5. Water Management:

  • Implement water-saving techniques such as rainwater harvesting, greywater recycling, and drip irrigation.
  • Design swales, berms, or contour planting to slow down water runoff and recharge groundwater.
  • Choose water-efficient plants and group them based on their water needs.

6. Control Weeds and Pests Naturally:

  • Use mulch, companion planting, and hand weeding to control weeds without chemicals.
  • Attract beneficial insects and birds to your garden to help manage pest populations.
  • Practice integrated pest management techniques to maintain a healthy balance in your ecosystem.

7. Maintain and Evolve Your Garden:

  • Regularly monitor and maintain your garden to address any issues or changes in your environment.
  • Keep learning and experimenting with new permaculture techniques to improve your garden over time.
  • Share your knowledge and experiences with others to spread the benefits of permaculture gardening.

By following these steps and incorporating permaculture principles into your small backyard garden, you can create a thriving and sustainable ecosystem that provides a abundance of food and beauty while supporting the local environment.

Permaculture plants

Here is a list of the top 10 permaculture plants that are well-suited for a small backyard garden:


  • Basil
  • Thyme
  • Oregano
  • Mint

Leafy Greens:

  • Lettuce
  • Kale
  • Swiss Chard
  • Spinach


  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Raspberries

Perennial Vegetables:

  • Asparagus
  • Rhubarb
  • Artichokes

Culinary Herbs:

  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Parsley

Medicinal Herbs:

  • Lavender
  • Echinacea
  • Chamomile

Companion Plants:

  • Marigolds
  • Nasturtiums
  • Borage

Nitrogen-fixing Plants:

  • White Clover
  • Peas
  • Beans

Ground Covers:

  • Creeping Thyme
  • Creeping Jenny
  • Sweet Alyssum

These plants are not only productive and suitable for small spaces, but they also contribute to the overall health and diversity of your garden ecosystem. By including a variety of plants like the ones listed above, you can create a balanced and resilient garden that provides food, attracts beneficial insects, and enhances the beauty of your backyard.

How to create a permaculture garden

Creating a permaculture garden in a small backyard is a rewarding and sustainable way to grow your own food, while also promoting biodiversity and resource conservation. Here is a detailed guide on how to create a permaculture garden in a small backyard:

don’t be afraid to experiment and evolve your garden over time.

  1. Assess Your Space:
  • Observe the sunlight patterns, water flow, and existing plants in your backyard.
  • Consider the microclimates within your space and how they can influence plant growth.
  • Measure the dimensions of your backyard to help in planning the garden layout.

2. Design Your Garden:

  • Create a garden design that incorporates permaculture principles such as diversity, resource efficiency, and ecosystem health.
  • Utilize vertical space with trellises, hanging planters, or espaliered fruit trees to maximize space.
  • Plan for functional areas like seating areas, compost bins, and herb spirals within your garden layout.

3. Build Healthy Soil:

  • Test your soil and amend it with compost, mulch, and other organic matter to improve its fertility and structure.
  • Consider starting a compost system to recycle kitchen scraps and garden waste into nutrient-rich soil amendments.
  • Practice no-dig gardening techniques to avoid disrupting the soil ecosystem.

4. Select Your Plants:

  • Choose a diverse mix of plants including fruits, vegetables, herbs, flowers, and perennial species.
  • Consider planting native species that are well-adapted to your climate and soil conditions.
  • Incorporate companion planting to support plant health and attract beneficial insects.

5. Water Management:

  • Install a rainwater harvesting system to capture and store rainwater for garden irrigation.
  • Use mulch to retain soil moisture and reduce evaporation.
  • Group plants with similar water needs together to optimize water usage.

6. Implement Wildlife Habitat:

  • Create habitat areas for birds, beneficial insects, and pollinators by including native plants and water sources.
  • Avoid chemical pesticides and herbicides that can harm wildlife populations.
  • Install bird feeders, insect hotels, and bee houses to encourage biodiversity in your garden.

7. Control Weeds and Pests Naturally:

  • Use organic pest control methods such as hand-picking pests, planting trap crops, and attracting natural predators.
  • Mulch and weed regularly to suppress weed growth and maintain a healthy garden ecosystem.
  • Monitor your garden regularly to catch pest and disease issues early.

8. Maintain and Evolve Your Garden:

  • Regularly tend to your garden by watering, weeding, and harvesting produce.
  • Observe and assess the success of your garden design and make adjustments as needed.
  • Continuously learn about permaculture techniques and experiment with new ideas to improve your garden over time.

By following these steps and incorporating permaculture principles into your small backyard garden, you can create a resilient and productive ecosystem that not only provides food and beauty but also contributes to the health of the environment. Remember that gardening is a continuous learning process, so don’t be afraid to experiment and evolve your garden over time.


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